Nearly three years after the Legislature tasked a panel with recommending changes to the state seal and motto, the group prepared to disband last week by asking to shift its unfinished work onto Secretary William Galvin's office.
The State Seal Commission's report features a to-do list of uncompleted action items, such as actually picking new symbols for the seal and words for the motto — matters that were discussed at length during the commission's meetings over the past couple years.
For centuries, the seal has portrayed an indigenous person on a shield. The crest above it, which is also the state's military crest, features an arm holding a sword. The motto is roughly translated from Latin as "By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty."
Commission members received multiple new deadlines from the Legislature, but without an appetite for further extensions, the final window to report back to lawmakers was set to close on Nov. 15.
Its report is set to be delivered to the governor and the Legislature -- including the co-chairs of the State Administration Committee, Sen. Nick Collins and Rep. Antonio Cabral.
Future action on the commission's ideas to modify the seal would need to be pursued through legislation, which would fall under Collins and Cabral's committee. Collins voted against the panel's report at Tuesday's meeting.
"The commission was tasked with taking a look at the motto and the seal. And then it took on a life of its own," the South Boston Democrat told the News Service. He added, "There are parts of the flag and the seal that people have taken offense to, and I can understand why, basically the way it looks. But a slight modification is different than a rewrite — and where cranberries are now discussed as what we should have on our flag. So, I just think it got off a path, and sometimes that can happen with these large commissions."
Jim Peters, a member of the Mashpee Tribe who serves as executive director of the state Indian Affairs Commission, said in multiple meetings that the change could be as simple as altering the sword that hangs over the indigenous figure's head.
Peters, whose father initially pushed for altering the seal decades ago, said at a Nov. 1 meeting that "the important thing to us was about the sword over the native's head, and what that meant."
"And taking that [sword] off would probably make this recommendation very easy ... and we can go from there, rather than changing all of the flags in the commonwealth. That's just, that's initially what it was really about."
Back in August 2022, the group discussed spending some of its $100,000 budget on an initial design for a new seal, but did not proceed. This week's report calls on Secretary Galvin to issue a request for proposals to "design a new seal based on the symbols and terms proposed by the Commission."
The commission instead spent its funds on what Collins termed "a $100,000 research project by UMass, which got a lot of information that we probably already know."
The UMass public opinion survey, Collins said, found that "peace" was the "number one phrase that the state wants to have" in the state motto. "It's in there twice" already, he said.
The panel's report does not feature any concrete proposals for a seal redesign, but includes a brainstorming list of favored concepts that members had batted around in some of their meetings:
● Flora (examples: eastern white pine, elm tree, cranberries)
● Fauna (examples: chickadee, cod, feather, turkey)
● Geographic feature (examples: ocean, hills, coastline, state shape)
Suggested motto ideas include: Commonwealth, "For the common good," Equality, Hope, Liberty, Peace, Reciprocity, and "Names of Massachusetts tribal nations."
Commission member Jim Wallace told the News Service on Monday he was disappointed by his time on the panel.
"I thought it would just be a cool historical thing to take part in, you know? This is history, and if we're going to come up with a new seal, new flag, something like that, I thought it would be an outstanding process to be involved in. Nope. Not even close," Wallace said, adding that it was "absolutely the worst commission I've ever been a part of."
The draft of the report notes that the suggestion of depicting the state flower — the mayflower — "connects back to the colonial era and the Pilgrims, whose actions included the forced displacement of Indigenous people." A suggestion to portray a cranberry on the seal, meanwhile, "conjures mixed feelings among some Indigenous residents due to its relationship to colonialism."
"So, then it's like, well, how about the cod? ... Nope," Wallace said. "Cod's a resource that was stolen from the indigenous tribes. OK, how about a cranberry? Oh no, those lands were stolen, so we can't have a cranberry. Well, we're really getting narrow, here. But this is stuff that should have been started almost three years ago, not wait until two, two and a half years, and the deadline's almost here."
The report also records conflicting views around continuing to picture an indigenous person on the state crest. A draft noted that "several" indigenous members of the commission "expressed support for keeping an Indigenous figure in the heraldic charge as a way to prevent additional erasure of their communities from the official history and iconography of the commonwealth." But other members, the report said, "believed that any human figure, regardless of their background, would be inherently exclusive, limiting the representation on the seal to a specific group or gender."
Commissioners adopted the report on an 8-2 vote, with nine members not participating in the roll call, and Collins and Wallace voting against approval.
Brian Boyles, executive director of Mass Humanities, and Brian Moskwetah Weeden, chairman of the Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe, served as co-chairs of the panel, which also included other tribal leaders and representatives from cultural and historical institutions.
The 19-member commission will cease to exist Wednesday, but its report contemplates "the next group" to take up its work: a proposed "working group" of up to 19 members that includes several of the same appointees currently serving on the commission. The new working group would report to Galvin's office.
A Galvin spokeswoman said Tuesday that the secretary received the most recent draft proposal Tuesday morning and "hasn't had an opportunity to fully analyze the recommendations" that include shifting the panel's workload onto his office.
Cabral, whose legislative committee will have a say over any proposal to move forward with the plan, said in Tuesday's meeting that "the report is well put together" and congratulated members for their "awesome work."
"I know it's an issue that can be touchy, can be sensitive, and I think it was handled quite well without really offending anybody," the New Bedford Democrat said.
Collins, the committee's Senate co-chair, said he felt the "important components that were discussed — around modification, around the sword and the coat of arms up atop — is reasonable."
"But the other elements I didn't feel were. I thought that empowering a [working group] that's unelected to make the decision outside of the Legislature really bypasses the responsibility we have, and makes it potentially an unending and expensive exercise in cancel culture that I'm not interested in signing onto," Collins said.